How can teachers develop the metacognition of their students?
Teachers can facilitate metacognition by modeling their own thinking aloud and by creating questions that prompt reflective thinking in students. Explicit instruction in the way one thinks through a task is essential to building these skills in students.
What are the 5 metacognitive strategies?
- identifying one’s own learning style and needs.
- planning for a task.
- gathering and organizing materials.
- arranging a study space and schedule.
- monitoring mistakes.
- evaluating task success.
- evaluating the success of any learning strategy and adjusting.
What are the 3 categories of metacognition?
Metacognitive knowledge refers to acquired knowledge about cognitive processes, knowledge that can be used to control cognitive processes. Flavell further divides metacognitive knowledge into three categories: knowledge of person variables, task variables and strategy variables.
What is metacognition example?
Examples of metacognitive activities include planning how to approach a learning task, using appropriate skills and strategies to solve a problem, monitoring one’s own comprehension of text, self-assessing and self-correcting in response to the self-assessment, evaluating progress toward the completion of a task, and …
What are the benefits of metacognition for students?
Research shows metacognition (sometimes referred to as self-regulation) increases student motivation because students feel more in control of their own learning. Students who learn metacognitive strategies are more aware of their own thinking, and more likely to be active learners who learn more deeply.
What are the two elements of metacognition?
Metacognition requires having both awareness of the process and the ability to control learning and thinking. The two components are identified as knowledge and regulation. It appears that metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive regulation develop independently of each other.
What are the four types of metacognitive?
Perkins (1992) defined four levels of metacognitive learners: tacit; aware; strategic; reflective. ‘Tacit’ learners are unaware of their metacognitive knowledge. They do not think about any particular strategies for learning and merely accept if they know something or not.